Having achieved the 2020 reduction target for total volumes of Scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions in 2014, a new group target was introduced in the same year: to achieve a 20% reduction in Scope 1, 2, and 3 (where Scope 3 includes outsourced transport only) emissions per letter mail and per parcel by 2025, from a 2013 baseline. The group’s letter mail delivery efficiency has improved from 36.9 grams of CO2 per item in 2013, to 35.8 grams per item in 2016. Meanwhile, parcel delivery efficiency has seen a significant improvement from the baseline year, with the group reporting 436.0 grams of CO2 per item in 2016 compared to 505.0 grams per item in 2013. This represents a 14% decrease in emissions per parcel in just three years.
Despite the year-on-year decline in letter mail volumes, delivery efficiency has improved from the 2013 baseline as a result of the group reducing emissions associated with letter mail delivery by almost 1m tonnes. Nonetheless, the continuing decline in letter mail volumes presents a growing challenge for participants in improving letter mail delivery efficiency. Meanwhile, the growth of e-commerce is driving a rapid increase in parcel volumes. As a result, while the group’s emissions associated with parcel delivery increased between 2015 and 2016, the number of parcels delivered increased at a much greater rate.