Postal development can be defined as the ability of a country’s postal network to perform on a wide range of factors that enable socio-economic development. In this regard, postal networks can be considered as high performing if they offer a reliable service, and have good connectivity, a high level of demand from citizens, and operations that are resilient to external shocks. 

This report by the UPU is structured in five sections: after the present introduction, the second section provides details on how the 2IPD (The Integrated Index for Postal Development) is constructed; the third presents the results of the 2019 2IPD ranking; the fourth section studies the consequences of reducing development gaps on international ecommerce, in particular on parcel flows; and the fifth section draws conclusions.